Jiu-Jitsu mai girma

Wasu daga cikin tsautsayi da dan Adam ke yi, tabbas za su sa ka kau da kai, yadda wadannan abubuwa suke da karfin gaske, da kuma karfinsu, za su ba mu mamaki, masu editocin da ke gaba sun ba da wasu hotuna don kowa ya gani, ya sa ka bude baki. don haka a kula kada ku kalle shi idan kuna cin abinci.
Iyakar jikin mutum
Jiu-Jitsu mai girma
Akwai ƙari a ƙasa
Kyawawan kasashe daban-daban

Wasu daga cikin tsautsayi da dan Adam ke yi, tabbas za su sa ka kau da kai, yadda wadannan abubuwa suke da karfin gaske, da kuma karfinsu, za su ba mu mamaki, masu editocin da ke gaba sun ba da wasu hotuna don kowa ya gani, ya sa ka bude baki. don haka a kula kada ku kalle shi idan kuna cin abinci.

Iyakar jikin mutum

Jiu-Jitsu mai girma

Akwai ƙari a ƙasa

Jiu-Jitsu mai girma

Tsananin laushi mai laushi na duk ƙasashe

Jiu-Jitsu mai girma

Akwai ƙari a ƙasa

Jiu-Jitsu mai girma

Akwai ƙari a ƙasa

Jiu-Jitsu mai girma

Jiu-Jitsu mai girma

Akwai ƙari a ƙasa

Kowa ya kalli Hotunan da ke sama, sun yi mamaki, shin ka ga cewa kyawawan abubuwan da ke sama duk ba su da kyau.Wannan wani nau'i ne na jiu-jitsu tare da iyakar jikin mutum.Editan mai zuwa zai kalli ilimin Jiu-Jitsu tare da kowa.Hakanan akwai iyakokin ɗan adam a duniya.Kowa ya kula.

Jiu-Jitsu dan Brazil

tarihi

Jiu-Jitsu dan Brazil ya samo asali ne daga Jiu-Jitsu na Jafananci.Jiu-Jitsu ya mallaki ƙwararrun ƙwararrun yaƙi, waɗanda suka haɗa da bugawa, jifa, ƙwarewar haɗin gwiwa da ƙwarewar maƙeƙe. "Jujutsu" yana nufin "dokar taushi" kuma ta shafi duk tsarin wasan kwaikwayo na Japan "Jujutsu" shine amfani da sassauci.Siffar Jiu-Jitsu ta ta'allaka ne a cikin yin cikakken amfani da abin amfani, maimakon tsayin daka da kwatantawa da abokan hamayya.Masu aikin Jiu-Jitsu za su zaɓi yin amfani da dabaru don ƙyale abokan hamayyarsu su ba da ƙarfi ko ƙãre ƙarfinsu, kuma a ƙarshe su rinjaye su.Koyaya, a zamanin da, ana ɗaukar Jiu-Jitsu a matsayin dabarar yaƙi ta biyu.Domin yawancin samurai suna amfani da takuba da farko kuma suna ɗaukar takobi a matsayin mafi mahimmancin fasahar yaƙi.Don haka, Jiu-Jitsu na Jafananci ya ƙirƙiri tsarin yaƙi iri-iri, kowannensu ya ƙunshi wasu dabaru da dabaru na farko.Akwai misalai guda biyu, judo, wanda ke mai da hankali kan kokawa; yayin da karate, yana mai da hankali kan harbawa da bugawa.

A lokacin Edo (1603-1867), tare da ƙarshen yakin basasar Japan, Jiu-Jitsu ya zama sananne.Bayan ɗaruruwan shekaru na yaƙi, mayaƙan sun ƙware a fagen yaƙi kuma sun sa basirarsu ta fi armashi a yaƙi.Ma'aikata sun bayyana, kuma Jiu-Jitsu ya zama abin bukata na yau da kullum, an fara amfani da fasaha da yawa a cikin yanayi na yau da kullum, dabarun kare kai da aka yi amfani da su a fagen fama yanzu ana amfani da su a wuraren caca, kasuwanni, da kasuwanni. gidajen shayi. A karni na 19, Jiu-Jitsu ya zama wata dabarar yaki da ba ta da makami, wadda ake amfani da ita wajen tunkarar abokan adawa da makami ko ba su da makami, wasu sun mayar da hankali kan fadan kasa, yayin da wasu suka mayar da hankali kan harbawa. Tun daga karni na 19, an sami nau'ikan Jiu-Jitsu fiye da 700 a Japan.

Yakin ya yi tasiri sosai a kan ci gaban Jiu-Jitsu, yana mai da dabarun yaki zuwa fasahar fada da kawo sabbin fasahohi.Saboda rashin samun damammaki a aikace, da yawa daga cikin ƙungiyoyin Jiu-Jitsu sun daina amfani da su a hankali.Idan ba tare da yaƙi ba, ba a ƙara buƙatar aji jarumi da yaƙin yaƙi, kuma abin da ya rage shine ƙwarewar kare kai kawai a rayuwar yau da kullun.Yawancin makarantun Jiu-Jitsu sun fara aiwatar da hanyoyin horarwa na gaskiya, yayin da sauran makarantun Jiu-Jitsu suka dace kawai.Bayan farfaɗowar Meiji (1868-1912), yaƙin Jiu-Jitsu ya kusan ɓacewa a Japan.

Jiu-Jitsu ɗan Brazil na zamani

Babban sabon sabon tsarin fada na Gracie shi ne cewa ya samar da dabarar da ta fi kusa da fada na hakika, wato fada a kasa.Gracies sun tattara bayanai da yawa, kuma an tabbatar da dabarun su a cikin yaƙe-yaƙe na gaske.Sun gano cewa yawancin fadan ya ƙare a ƙasa.Musamman ma a lokacin da ake hulɗa da abokan adawar da ke da tsokoki fiye da ku kuma sun fi ku nauyi, Gracie ya gano cewa idan kun ja abokin adawar ku a ƙasa, makamansa-buga da harba-za su yi rauni sosai.Wannan ci gaban dabarun fada ya baiwa mayakan Jiu-Jitsu na Brazil damar cin nasara a gasannin fada da dama ba tare da takaitawa ba, wanda ya sa tsarin yakinsu ya amince da duniya.Gracies yayi ƙoƙarin nemo mafita ga duk fasahar yaƙi: yadda ake ƙirƙirar ɗaya

Tsarin fada yana da tasiri a kan kowane abokin gaba, yana barin duk masu horarwa su sami sakamako iri ɗaya.

Tunda Jiu-Jitsu sana'arsu ce, Gracies suna ba da lokaci mai yawa don yin nazari da horar da tsararraki don gyara wannan fasaha.Duk mutanen Gracie suna da rauni a cikin girma da rashin ƙarfi. Yawancin lokaci ana ɗaukar wannan a matsayin hasara, amma yana tilasta Gracie ta haɓaka fasaha har zuwa matuƙar kuma ta dogara ga fa'idodin fasaha maimakon ƙarfin yin nasara.

Tun da Gracie Jiu-Jitsu ya haɓaka ta Gracies, 'yan uwa suna da 'yanci da yawa.Ba sai sun nemi shawara ko uban su ba.Idan dabara ba ta da amfani a cikin yaƙi na gaske, za a gyara ta ko ma a bar ta.Kwarewa shine tushen Gracie Jiu-Jitsu.An tabbatar da kowace dabara a cikin yaƙi na gaske.

Babu wani ra'ayi na ɗabi'a, zamantakewa, ko akida da zai yi tasiri ga alkiblar bincike na Gracie.Sun yi imani da gaske cewa "aiki shine kawai ma'auni don gwada fasahar fada" a cikin yakin gaske.

Bayan yaƙe-yaƙe na rayuwa, Elio Gracie har yanzu yana koyar da Jiu-Jitsu a Brazil.Ko da yake yana da shekaru kusan 90 a duniya, har yanzu yana kallon yada Jiu-Jitsu a matsayin hanyar rayuwarsa, yanzu a duniya ana kiransa "Jiu-Jitsu Brazil".

Halayen salo dan kasar Brazil Jiu-Jitsu ba shi da wata mummunar dabi'a ta tsayawa, kuma babu tsarin motsa jiki na duel, yin sa yana bukatar tunani mai inganci, domin duk fasahohin da dukkan jiki kamar wasan dara ne idan aka fuskanta.Yana mai da hankali ga iko, amma ba ya wuce gona da iri da karfi mai fashewa, duk lokacin da kuka yi amfani da karfi, akwai ma'anar karfi, fulcrum, da mai da hankali, sarrafawa yana da karfi sosai kuma mai rauni yana cin nasara.

Jiu-Jitsu ɗan ƙasar Brazil asalin ya kasance fasahar murɗewa

Dabarunsa da dabarunsa sun dogara ne akan zurfafa bincike kan fadan kasa.Ma'aikatan Jiu-Jitsu suna da kyau wajen jawo abokan hamayya zuwa ƙasa, sannan kuma a ƙasa, suna samun yanayin sarrafawa.Da zarar an kafa yanayin sarrafawa, masu aikin Jiu-Jitsu za su iya amfani da hanyoyi daban-daban na kai hari kamar ƙwarewar haɗin gwiwa, ƙwarewar murɗawa ko dabarun kaɗa don murƙushe abokan hamayyarsu.Dabarar Jiu-Jitsu ta Brazil tana jaddada ƙa'idar amfani mai inganci mai inganci.Yin amfani da kayan aiki yana ba da damar ƙananan, haske, da masu rauni don kare kansu daga manyan, masu nauyi, da masu karfi.Jiu-Jitsu ɗan ƙasar Brazil ya kawo sauyi a duniyar wasan martial kuma ya zama ɗaya daga cikin shahararrun fasahar yaƙi a duniya.Waɗanda suke son samun ingantacciyar fasahar kariyar kai da gaske za su iya samun amsa mafi inganci da sauƙi a cikin Jiu-Jitsu na Brazil.

Jiu-Jitsu ɗan Brazil yana da ƙwarewar faɗa da yawa

Ciki har da bugawa, jifa, ƙwarewar haɗin gwiwa da ƙwarewar shaƙewa.Jiu-Jitsu a mafi mahimmancin ma'ana yana nufin "dokar laushi", wanda ya dace da duk tsarin wasan kwaikwayo na Japan, kuma "laushi" yana nufin amfani da sassauci.Siffar Jiu-Jitsu ta ta'allaka ne a cikin yin cikakken amfani da abin amfani, maimakon tsayin daka da kwatantawa da abokan hamayya.Masu aikin Jiu-Jitsu za su zaɓi yin amfani da dabaru don ƙyale abokan hamayyarsu su ba da ƙarfi ko ƙãre ƙarfinsu, kuma a ƙarshe su rinjaye su.Koyaya, a zamanin da, ana ɗaukar Jiu-Jitsu a matsayin dabarar yaƙi ta biyu.Domin yawancin samurai suna amfani da takuba da farko kuma suna ɗaukar takobi a matsayin mafi mahimmancin fasahar yaƙi.Don haka, Jiu-Jitsu na Jafananci ya ƙirƙiri tsarin yaƙi iri-iri, kowannensu ya ƙunshi wasu dabaru da dabaru na farko.

Dabarun Jiu-Jitsu na Brazil da dabarun sun dogara ne akan zurfafa bincike kan fadan kasa

Kallon masu aikin Jiu-Jitsu suna jan abokan hamayyarsu zuwa ƙasa tare da motsi daban-daban, sa'an nan kuma a ƙasa, suna samun matsayi mai sarrafawa.Sannan a yi amfani da hanyoyi daban-daban na kai hari kamar faɗakarwa, murɗawa ko dabaru don murƙushe abokan gaba.A cikin irin wannan tsari na jujjuyawar da ba daidai ba, jiki yana samar da daidaito tsakanin maki da fuska, ƙarfi da kyau, amma jijiyoyin da ke gudana suna ɓoye da taushi.A shekara ta 1993, a gasar UFC ta farko, Hawes Gracie ya lashe gasar, kuma Jiu-Jitsu dan kasar Brazil ya fara jan hankalin duniya.Gasar faɗa ta ƙarshe tana ba masu fasahar yaƙi na ƙungiyoyi daban-daban damar yin gasa tare da ƙa'idodi marasa iyaka.Ko da yake Hawes Gracie yana da lightest nauyi, ya lashe Ultimate Fighting Championship uku mafi sau, kuma shine kadai dan wasa a tarihin Ultimate Fada Championship lashe wasanni hudu a jere a cikin dare daya.

Tun daga ranar da ake kiran wannan fasaha ta musamman ta murɗa "Gracie Jiu-Jitsu" ko "Jiu-Jitsu Brazil", a haƙiƙa tana da haƙiƙanin haɗe-haɗe da tsauri da laushi. Yawancin masu yin aikin mutane ne Dogayen Turawa.Amma ƴan wasa ƙanana, masu sauƙi da rauni suna da ƙarin fa'ida a wannan batun.Sun ce hakan na iya kare kansu daga manyan mutane, manya, masu karfin fada aji, yawancin masu sha'awar wasan kwallon kafa da suka kware a hada-hadan martial arts suma suna zuwa wasan Jiu-Jitsu, wanda ya isa ya tabbatar da cewa wannan Jiu-Jitsu dan kasar Brazil ya hada karfi da taushi. Samar da iya aiki da tasiri a ciki da wajen fage.

Abubuwan fasaha na fasaha

Don fahimtar tasirin Jiu-Jitsu na Brazil a cikin kariyar kai, ya zama dole a gabatar da ka'idoji da dabaru na wannan fasahar fada.

Abokin adawar ku na iya zama tsayi da ƙarfi fiye da ku

Shahararren masanin falsafa na Girka Archimedes ya taɓa faɗin cewa: “Ka ba ni ƙwazo, kuma zan iya ɗaga dukan duniya da hannu ɗaya.”

Jiu-Jitsu ya dogara ne akan yanayin cewa abokin adawar ku ya fi ku tsayi da ƙarfi.Wanda ya fi ka rauni kuma ya fi ka tsayi ba zai tsokane ka a titi ba.Ko da ya yi aiki tare da ku, zai kasance a cikin wahala ta fuskar girma da ƙarfi.Saboda haka, idan jayayya ta faru a kan titi, yawancin abokan adawar za a iya ɗauka sun fi ku karfi da tsayi.Kai mai rauni ne, don haka ba hikima ba ne ka kwatanta ƙarfi da abokin hamayyarka.

ƙwararrun mayaka suna kai wa abokan hamayyar da suke son yin amfani da ƙarfi a cikin sauƙi.Kodayake ƙarfi da ƙarfi suna da mahimmanci, kowa ya kamata ya fara samun fa'idar fasaha.Mai gwaninta ba shi da kuzari fiye da wanda ke amfani da karfi.Yin amfani da ka'idar yin amfani da shi a wurin da ya dace da kuma lokacin da ya dace zai iya cimma manufar da ake so tare da ɗan ƙaramin ƙoƙari.Ka'idar yin amfani da kayan aiki za ta cece ku ƙoƙari mai yawa.Ma'aikatan Jiu-Jitsu na iya amfani da ikon duka jiki don samar da abin dogaro don buga mummunan rauni ga ɓangaren mafi rauni na abokin hamayya.

Tushen Jiu-Jitsu ya ta'allaka ne a cikin amfani da ingantattun dabaru don tunkarar karfi da tashin hankali.Falsafar Jiu-Jitsu tana ba da shawarar yin hasashen yin amfani da ƙarfi mai girma don tsayayya.Masu aikin Jiu-Jitsu sun gwammace su "narkar da" ƙarfin, canza alkiblar ƙwaƙƙwaran abokan gaba, sa'an nan kuma mayar da martani ga abokin hamayya.Ka tuna: Sai dai idan kai ne mutumin da ya fi kowa ƙarfi a duniya, dole ne a sami abokin gaba mafi ƙarfi, mai nauyi, kuma mafi girma a wannan duniyar.

Kada ku yi ƙoƙari ku yi yaƙi da dogayen abokan adawar ku

Idan kuna tunanin za ku iya yaƙi da dogayen abokan adawarku, kun yi kuskure.A duk wasannin damben, ’yan wasan suna kan matsayi gwargwadon nauyinsu.

A kan titi, babu iyaka nauyi, kuma yawanci manyan maza suna zaluntar kananan yara.Shin dambe yana aiki ga abokan adawar da suka ninka nauyin ku fiye da ninki biyu?

Don gujewa irin wannan rikici, mafi kyawun zaɓi shine ka rage tazarar da ke tsakaninka da abokin adawar ka da kuma sarrafa shi.Da zarar ka ja shi ƙasa, ƙwarewar Jiu-Jitsu za ta iya kare kanka.Jiu-Jitsu kyakkyawar fasahar yaƙi ce ta kariyar kai wacce ke ba ku damar ƙware dabarun yaƙi a ƙasa.

Yawancin fadace-fadacen tituna suna ƙarewa bayan an kama su da faɗuwa ƙasa

Alkaluma sun nuna cewa yawancin fadace-fadacen kan tituna sun kare ne a lokacin da suka fado kasa bayan an yi cudanya da su, wasu na ganganci ne, wasu kuma na bazata.Mai fada zai iya jefa abokin hamayyarsa kasa da gangan, ko kuma wani bangare ya rasa daidaitonsa ya fadi kasa.Sau da yawa yakan faru ne wani babban mutum mai iko ya bugi wani karamin mutum a kasa sannan ya hau bayansa ya yi masa duka.Ko da a gasar gwagwarmayar kwararru, lokacin da ’yan wasa ke cikin matsala ko kuma suna son hutawa, za su yi amfani da hanyar jingina ko rike abokan hamayyarsu.Yana da wuya a yi bugun ƙasa a farkon.A damben boksin laifi ne, da zarar an yi sa-in-sa, nan take alkalin wasa zai raba bangarorin biyu.Har ila yau, ba a yarda ’yan dambe su durkusar da abokan hamayyarsu su ci gaba da fafatawa a kasa.Don haka, ba za a horar da mayaƙan don mu’amala da ’yan wasan da suka ƙware a “ runguma ” kuma waɗanda ba sa faɗa da shi.

Rage nisa tare da abokin gaba

Ga 'yan wasan Jiu-Jitsu, cikas mafi haɗari shine rashin iya rage nisa zuwa abokin hamayya.A wannan nisa, maharin na iya yin naushi mai ƙarfi.Manufar dan wasan Jiu-Jitsu shine ya rage tazarar abokin hamayyarsa ba tare da ya buge shi ba.Ba gaskiya ba ne a yi tunanin cewa da kansa zai iya toshewa ko kuma guje wa duk abin da abokan hamayya suka yi, don haka burin farko na mai aikin Jiu-Jitsu shi ne kusantar abokin adawar kada a yi masa rauni. ma'aikaci zai "riƙe" abokin hamayyarsa.Matsar da sauri kuma shigar da nisa inda abokin adawar ba zai iya ba da bugu mai ƙarfi ba kuma ya buge ku da ƙarfi.

Ma'aikatan Jiu-Jitsu suna da dabaru iri-iri don kusanci abokan hamayyarsu.Mafi yawan abin da aka fi sani da shi shi ne fara tursasa abokin gaba da dunƙulewa da ƙafafu da ƙafafu da ƙafafu da ƙafafu da ƙafafu da hannu da hannu da ƙafafu zai sa abokin hamayya ya kusa runguma ko kuma ya koma baya, wanda shi ne ainihin abin da masu aikin Jiu-Jitsu ke bukata.Ma'aikatan Jiu-Jitsu ba sa buƙatar zama ƙwararrun yaƙi, amma ya kamata su kasance ƙwararrun hanyoyin dambe da harbawa da yawa, kuma su kasance masu kyau a wasu motsin ƙafafu da kuma kawar da kai.Wadannan fasahohin na iya kare kai yayin fadan tsaye, Bugu da kari, kana kuma bukatar ka kware wajen rikidewa daga tsayawa zuwa faduwa.

Physics ya nuna cewa ƙarfin bugun ya dogara da nisa da kusurwar hulɗa tare da abin da aka sa a gaba.Ta hanyar kawar da waɗannan abubuwa guda biyu masu kisa, masu aikin Jiu-Jitsu suna raunana ƙarfin abokin gaba sosai.Domin galibin ’yan wasan da ke buge-buge suna fuskantar abokan hamayyar da su ma suke dukansu, ba su san yadda za su yi da ‘yan wasan da suka kware wajen fakewa da kokawa ba.Saboda rashin samun horo a wannan fanni, yana da sauki dan wasan kokawa ya tilasta wa dan dambe shiga wasan kokawa.Da zarar mai aikin Jiu-Jitsu ya gyara abokin hamayya, mataki na gaba shine ciyar da lokaci da kuma samar da damammaki don buga abokin hamayyar ƙasa.Sai dai idan abokin hamayyar ya sami horon kariyar faɗuwa ko kuma yana da kiba, yana da sauƙin buga abokin hamayyar ku a ƙasa fiye da yadda mutum zai yi tunani.

Cikin yanayin sarrafawa

Da zarar a cikin fadace-fadacen ƙasa, manyan makamai na masu bugun jini da ƙafafu suna da rauni sosai.A ƙasa, wasu matsayi suna da kyau fiye da sauran saboda suna iya ba da kariya daban-daban da dama masu ban sha'awa.A ƙasa, mayaka na iya shiga wurare daban-daban da matsayi.Dabarun masu aikin Jiu-Jitsu shine su kasance cikin matsayi mafi fa'ida fiye da abokan adawar su.Da zarar an aiwatar da matsayi da matsayi mai sarrafawa, masu aikin Jiu-Jitsu na iya samun nau'o'in zaɓuka masu banƙyama: bugun abokin gaba, ta yin amfani da basirar haɗin gwiwa da ƙwarewar karkatarwa.Za a iya amfani da dabarar Jiu-Jitsu don sa abokin hamayya ya mika wuya ba tare da haifar da lahani ba.Tun da ɗan wasa mai ban mamaki bai san ainihin dabarun yaƙin ƙasa ba, mai yin Jiu-Jitsu zai iya sarrafa shi cikin sauƙi a ƙasa.Akwai nau'o'in fasaha masu juyayi da yawa a cikin duniya, amma babu kamar Jiu-Jitsu na Brazil da ke jaddada kula da yanayin ƙasa sosai.

Fasaha ta musamman

Ma'aikatan Jiu-Jitsu na Brazil suna yawan yin aiki: dabarun jifa, dabarun dannewa mafi kyau, dabarun sarrafa baya, dabarun mika wuya bisa ga wurare daban-daban masu fa'ida, da dabarun tserewa lokacin da suke cikin mawuyacin hali.

Masu gadi daban-daban a cikin ƙananan matsayi sune babban fasalin Jiu-Jitsu na Brazil wanda ya bambanta shi da sauran wasan kwaikwayo na yaki irin su judo, sangbo, da kokawa. Jiki lokacin da kuka fadi kasa.Kuma ku aiwatar da matakai daban-daban na tinkarar harin.Tsaro a cikin Jiu-Jitsu na Brazil an raba shi zuwa nau'ikan iri uku: tsaro a buɗe, rufaffiyar tsaro, da yanayin kariya.Daidai da yanayin tsaro shine Guard wucewa, wato, kawar da ikon da abokin adawar ke da shi don samun matsayi mafi girma - sun kasance kamar bangarori biyu na tsabar kudin, suna samar da tsarin musayar fasaha da fasaha a Brazilian Jiu- Jitsu.

Daraja

16. Belin manya masu shekaru 9 zuwa sama ana rarraba su zuwa fari, shuɗi, shuɗi, ruwan kasa, baki, da ja daga ƙasa zuwa sama.Farin bel ɗin ƙwararru ne na yau da kullun; bel ɗin shuɗi shine tabbaci na farko bayan ya kai wani matakin ta hanyar horo; bel ɗin baƙar fata yana nufin ya ƙware duk dabarun Jiu-Jitsu ɗan Brazil, yana da cancantar koyarwa, kuma yana iya jagorantar wasu daidai. don koyo.Bakin bel din ya kasu kashi XNUMX. An fara daga Dan na XNUMX, ana saka jar bar a bel, na XNUMX da dan XNUMX, sai na XNUMX da dan XNUMX, jan bel din ya zarce na XNUMX.

15. Yara masu shekaru XNUMX zuwa ƙasa ana saka su cikin fari, rawaya, lemu, da kore daga ƙasa zuwa babba.

16. Ba za ku iya samun bel ɗin blue ɗin da ke ƙasa da shekara 19 ba, kuma mafi ƙarancin shekarun da za a haɓaka zuwa bel ɗin baƙar fata yana da shekaru XNUMX.

XNUMX. Baƙaƙen bel ne kawai ya cancanci a ba da bel ɗin bel ɗin shuɗi, purple, da ruwan kasa, dole ne a samo bel ɗin baƙar fata da sama daga matsayi mafi girma, kamar bel na mataki na biyu, kuma mai fitar da shi dole ne ya kasance aƙalla baƙar bel mai matakai uku.

XNUMX. Ka'idodin bel ɗin ba iri ɗaya bane, Gabaɗaya, ana ɗaukar shekaru goma kafin samun bel ɗin Jiu-Jitsu na Brazil.

Leucorrhea: mafari.

Blue Ribbon: mafari.

Purple Belt: Waɗanda suka fara ƙware duk dabaru.

Brown belt: m.

Black Belt: Mutumin da zai iya koyar da Jiu-Jitsu dan Brazil.

Jiu-Jitsu dan kasar Brazil yana buƙatar koyon dabaru daban-daban, fahimta da aikace-aikacen ka'idodin fasaha; Buƙatun wasan kwaikwayon na horar da juna na iya shawo kan dukkan 'yan wasan da ke da bel ɗin launi iri ɗaya; sakamakon shiga gasar Jiu-Jitsu ko MMA , da dai sauransu, don haka baƙar bel na Jiu-Jitsu na Brazil Idan aka kwatanta da sauran fasaha na martial, abin da ke cikin zinariya yana da yawa sosai, kuma yana da wuyar samuwa.

Ci gaban cikin gida

Tare da ci gaban Jiu-Jitsu na Brazil a duniya da tasirin MMA, ƙarin masu sha'awar wasanni da ƙwararrun 'yan wasa a ƙasarmu sun fara koyo daga gare ta, kuma an kafa cibiyoyin koyarwa da yawa.Misali: Shanghai Jiu-Jitsu Academy (SH BJJ), Shanghai Alavanca Jiu-jitsu Academy (Shanghai), Tianjin K-1 CLUB, Beijing Andi Jiu-Jitsu Museum, Beijing World Fighting Club (China Top Team), Xi' Black Belt MMA Academy (Xi'an Black Belt MMA Academy) da sauransu.

Iyakoki 12 na jikin mutum

1. Menene iyakar saurin ɗan adam?

Dan kasar Jamaica Flyer Bolt ya karya tarihin duniya a tseren zinare na mita 2009 a gasar cin kofin duniya da aka yi a Berlin a shekara ta 0.11, ya kuma kara da nasa tarihin da dakika XNUMX.Menene iyakar saurin ɗan adam?Mark Denny na Jami'ar Stanford ta Amurka ya yi matukar sha'awar wannan batu kuma ya yanke shawarar yin zurfafa bincike kan yadda dan Adam ke gudun mita XNUMX.

Ta hanyar nazarin tarihin wasannin guje-guje da tsalle-tsalle daban-daban na duniya (har da gasar tseren dawaki da sauran gasa) tun daga shekarar 1920, ya gano cewa sakamakon gasa da dama yana bin irin wannan tsari, wato a hankali sakamakon ya inganta har ya daidaita.Alal misali, a tseren Kentucky, yana da wuya dawakai da yawa da ke shiga su shiga bayan sun kai iyakar gudunsu a shekara ta 1949.Ga alama 'yan wasan ɗan adam suna bin wannan tsarin.Gasar tseren mita 1977 na mata ya daidaita a shekarar XNUMX, kuma wasan tseren maza yana ci gaba da inganta, amma Danny ya ce bisa la'akari da tsarin da aka kafa a wasu al'amuran, wannan wasan yana da alama yana kaiwa iyakarsa.

A bisa hasashensa, iyakar tseren mita 9.48 na maza ya kai dakika 0.1, wanda hakan ya kai dakika XNUMX kacal da wanda Bolt yake da shi a duniya a yanzu.Danny ya ce: "Idan kuka ci gaba da ci gaba da ci gaba da samun ci gaba a halin yanzu, nan ba da jimawa ba Bolt zai kusanci wannan iyaka." Menene dalilin wannan iyakancewar saurin ɗan adam?Danny ya yi imanin cewa dalilin yana kama da rabon ikon-da-nauyi na ɗan wasa.Bayan wani batu, fa'idodin mafi ƙarfi na tsokoki da tsayin gaɓoɓin gaɓoɓin za su kasance cikin lada ta hanyar ƙarin kuzarin kashe kuzari na ɗaga nauyi masu nauyi.

2. Har yaushe hankalin ’yan Adam zai dawwama?

Natsuwa shine ƙalubalen da yawancin mu ke fuskanta idan muka gama takaddunmu kafin lokacin ƙarshe, aiki cikin dare, kuma muka yi tafiya mai nisa.Har yaushe zamu rike kafin kwakwalwa ta bukaci hutawa?Ga waɗanda ke buƙatar mai da hankali kan wani aiki, kamar direbobin manyan motoci, masu sarrafa wutar lantarki, da direbobin jirgi, sa'o'i 12 shine iyaka.Duk da haka, ga likitoci, hadaddun ayyuka na tiyata wasu lokuta sun wuce sa'o'i 12, kodayake yawancin ayyukan da suka fi tsayi fiye da ɗaya sukan raba su.

Kafin 2004, likitocin Burtaniya a karshen mako suna aiki daga safiyar Juma'a zuwa yammacin Lahadi, jimlar sa'o'i 80.Suna iya yin barci na 'yan sa'o'i a mafi yawan, kuma a mafi munin yanayi, ba su rufe idanunsu ba har tsawon sa'o'i 80.A cewar Helen Fernandez, likitar jinya a Asibitin Ayden Brooks da ke Cambridge, Ingila, “Wataƙila kuna aiki mafi yawan lokaci.”

Bayan lokaci, hankalinmu kuma zai ragu.A sakamakon haka, ingancin aiki ya ragu, lokacin yanke shawara ya fi tsayi, kuma kurakurai sun fara karuwa.David Dinges, kwararre a fannin ilimin jijiya a jami’ar Pennsylvania ta Amurka, ya ce: “Ayyukan faɗakarwa na ɗaya daga cikin abubuwan da ke saurin gajiyawa.” Ƙungiyar bincike ta Dinges ta yi amfani da fasahar MRI wajen nazarin yawan faɗakarwa.Na kwakwalwar ma’aikaci.Yayin da mutane suka yi kasala, ayyuka a wasu sassan kwakwalwa suna raguwa.Dinges ya gano cewa dangane da kwararar jini na kashi na gaba na gaba na mahalarta dama, za su iya yin hasashen aikinsu akan gwajin.

3. Yaya tsawon lokacin da mutum zai iya rayuwa a cikin vacuum?

Abin baƙin ciki shine, mun san tsawon lokacin da mutum zai iya rayuwa idan ba zato ba tsammani ya fallasa shi zuwa wani wuri. A shekara ta 1971, kafin jirgin sama na Tarayyar Soviet 11 ya dawo sararin samaniya, kwatsam wani bawul din da ke da matsala ya natse kumbon a tsayin kilomita 168, inda ya kashe dukkan 'yan sama jannati uku da ke cikinsa.Binciken da aka gudanar ya gano cewa, ba zato ba tsammani matsin lamba kan jirgin Soyuz 3 ya koma sifiri, wanda ya dauki tsawon mintuna 11 da dakika 11 har sai da ya dawo sararin samaniya.

Dan sama jannatin ya mutu bayan dakika 30 zuwa 40 sakamakon rashin iskar oxygen.Jonathan Clark, tsohon ma’aikacin jirgin NASA na jirgin sama, ya ce: “Kuna buƙatar iskar oxygen da iska don aika iskar oxygen zuwa kwakwalwa.” Duk da haka, idan kun kasance cikin sarari na ɗan gajeren lokaci, za a iya ceton ku. A shekarar 1966, wani ma'aikacin hukumar NASA yana gwada kwat din sararin samaniya a cikin dakin da babu ruwa, a wannan lokaci, matsa lamba a dakin ya ragu zuwa wani matakin da muka ci karo da shi a tsayin mita 3.65.Ya rasa hayyacinsa a cikin daƙiƙa 12 zuwa 15.

Abu na karshe da zai iya tunawa shi ne, ruwan da ke kan harshensa ya yi tururi saboda ruwan ya kafe a karkashin yanayi maras nauyi. A cikin daƙiƙa 27, matsa lamba a cikin ɗakin ɗakin ya koma matakin daidai da mita 4200 a saman sararin sama, kuma ma'aikacin ya yi sa'a ya dawo hayyacinsa.Duk da cewa fuskarsa ba ta da kyau, lafiyarsa ba ta yi wani illa ba.

Lokacin da matsa lamba na waje ya ragu, kumfa na iska suna samuwa a cikin jini, kuma huhu zai lalace cikin 'yan mintoci kaɗan.Yayin da nitrogen ke narkewa daga jini, tsarin juyayi na iya lalacewa cikin 'yan sa'o'i kadan.Faɗuwar matsi kwatsam yana mutuwa ga jikin ɗan adam: iskar da ke shiga cikin huhu za ta fashe cikin yan daƙiƙa kaɗan.Duk da haka, a cewar Clark, idan muka shiga cikin yanayin da ba a taɓa gani ba ta hanyar da ta dace kuma muna da ingantattun ƙungiyar sabis na sa ido na likita a kusa da mu, za mu iya rayuwa har zuwa minti ɗaya.

4. Abubuwa nawa ne ’yan Adam za su iya tunawa?

Yana da wuya yawancinmu mu haddace lambar waya mai lamba 11, amma zakaran ƙwaƙwalwar duniya na yanzu, Lu Chao na China, ya iya karanta lambobi 2005 na Pi a shekara ta 67890.Shin da gaske wannan digo ne kawai a cikin teku idan aka kwatanta da ainihin ikon kwakwalwa?

Ikon mu na karɓar bayanai yana da ƙarfi sosai. Thomas Randall, wanda ya yi aiki a Binciken Sadarwar Sadarwar Bell a Morriston, New Jersey a 1986, ya yi nazarin yawan bayanan gani da na magana da mutane za su iya adanawa lokacin kallon hotuna da bayanai da kuma saurin mantuwa.Bayan bincike, ya kiyasta cewa babba zai iya adana kusan 125M na waɗannan bayanai a rayuwarsa, wanda yayi daidai da kwafin 100 na Moby-Dick.

Yana da wahala a haddace dogon jerin lambobi cikin tsari daidai kuma daidai fiye da haddar saƙonnin rubutu ko hotuna.Don bincika iyakokin tsawon ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya, yana iya zama taimako don yin la'akari da dabarun da zakarun ƙwaƙwalwa ke amfani da su.Yawancin su suna amfani da hanyar ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya.Kafin fara haddace lambobi, za su danganta kowane lambobi huɗu daga 0000 zuwa 9999 tare da mutane ko abubuwa.Sakamakon haka, adadin Pi yana canzawa zuwa jerin mutanen ko abubuwa, kuma waɗannan mutane ko abubuwan suna haɗuwa ta hanyar ƙirƙira labari.Wannan kuma na iya haɓaka nishaɗin lambobi marasa ƙarfi da ƙarfafa ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya.Lu Chao ya tuna cewa ya ɗauki kimanin sa'o'i 40000 don pi 1000-bit.Komai kyawun ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya, idan aka ɗauka cewa bisa ga wannan rabo, mutum yana farawa pi yana ɗan shekara 20 kuma yana ciyar da sa'o'i 12 a rana, sannan ya cika shekaru 70, yana iya karanta kusan lambobi miliyan 876.

5. Yadda ƙananan zafin jiki na ɗan adam zai iya jurewa

’Yan Adam suna ƙin sanyi don dalili: Dogayen gaɓoɓinmu suna da sauƙin kawar da zafi kuma ba sauƙin adana zafi ba.A cikin savannah na Afirka mai zafi inda mutane suka fara samo asali, dogon gaɓoɓi suna da mahimmanci.Mike Tipton na Jami’ar Portsmouth, wanda ya yi nazari kan yanayin zafin jikin ɗan adam, ya yi nuni da cewa, ko da ba tare da hanyar kiyaye sanyi ba—tufafi, dumama, da gidaje, dukanmu za mu iya rayuwa.

Don tsira a cikin sanyi shine kare ainihin zafin jikin ku.Yanayin zafin jikin ɗan adam yana da digiri 37 a ma'aunin celcius, amma yawan faɗuwar sa yana da ban mamaki.Fran Osharman, masanin ilmin halitta a jami'ar Ottawa da ke kasar Canada, ya ce idan yana da danshi da iska, yanayin zafi na ma'aunin ma'aunin Celsius 20 na iya haifar da hypothermia.Lokacin sanyi, jiki ya fara rawar jiki, kuma jini yana tsayawa zuwa ga gabobi.Hypothermia yana faruwa muddin ainihin zafin jiki ya ragu da digiri 2: na farko mutane sun fara rasa hayyacinsu, sannan kuma bugun zuciya ya ɓace.bugun zuciya zai tsaya a kusan digiri 24 kuma mutane zasu mutu.Amma wani zai iya tsira daga raguwar zafin jiki mai mahimmanci.Anna Bagenholm irin wannan mutum ne, zafin jikinta ya ragu zuwa digiri 13.7 a ma'aunin celcius kuma tana raye, a lokacin ne ta fada cikin wani rafi mai kankara da gangan kuma ta makale na tsawon mintuna 80 kafin a ceto ta.

Ruwan ƙanƙara da ke gudana ya sa jikinta ya yi sanyi zuwa yanayin zafi: numfashi ya daina, bugun zuciya ya daina, kuma a zahiri kwakwalwa ba ta buƙatar iskar oxygen, wanda ya ba ta damar samun cikakkiyar farfadowa.

6. Har yaushe za ku iya rayuwa ba tare da ci ko sha ba

Har yaushe ne dan Adam zai rayu ba tare da ruwa da abinci ba?A ka'idar, idan kun ƙare ƙarewa daga kitsen jiki, furotin, da carbohydrates, jikin ku zai daina aiki saboda raguwar kuzari. Jeremy Powell Teck, wani malamin koyar da abinci mai gina jiki wanda ya ci gaba da cin abinci bayan yajin cin abinci na David Bryan a Landan a shekara ta 2003, ya yi imanin cewa mutuwar ɗan adam ba ta buƙatar jira har sai kuzari ya ƙare gaba ɗaya: "Wataƙila kun mutu a baya." Idan akwai wani abu. Idan akwai isassun bitamin B masu narkewa da ruwa don taimakawa wajen adana kitse, masu kiba na iya rayuwa tsawon lokaci.Saboda haka, yana yiwuwa gaba ɗaya mutane har yanzu suna da kitse a jikinsu lokacin da suka mutu da yunwa.

Mafi tsayin rikodin rashin cin abinci shine yajin cin abinci na Irish a 1981, Kieran Dougherty, wanda ya mutu bayan yajin cin abinci na kwanaki 73.Dangane da sinadarin bitamin da ruwa, mutane na iya rayuwa har tsawon shekara guda ba tare da abinci ba.Powell Tyke ya ce: "Kusan shekaru 30 da suka gabata wannan wata hanya ce da ta shahara wajen rage kiba."

Tare da bitamin kawai kuma babu ruwa, lokacin rayuwa zai ragu sosai.Mutum na iya rayuwa na tsawon makonni da yawa ba tare da abinci ba, amma wanda yake jin ƙishirwa da rashin ruwa zai iya wucewa na ƴan kwanaki.Michael Savaka na Cibiyar Magungunan Muhalli ta Amurka da ke Massachusetts ya ce: “Ya danganta da yawan asarar ruwa.” Idan babu ruwa, adadin jinin da ke cikin jiki zai ragu kuma hawan jini ma zai ragu.Jini yana daɗa ɗimbin ɗimbin ɗimbin ɗimbin yawa, yana ƙara yin wahala ga jini yawo a cikin jiki, bugun zuciyar mutane kuma zai ƙaru don ramawa.Ko da a cikin yanayi mai sanyi, ba tare da ruwa ba, mutane za su iya riƙe kusan mako guda kawai.

7. Yaya tsawon lokacin da mutane za su dawwama ba tare da barci ba

1963年12月28日,加利福尼亚州圣地亚哥的17岁在校生兰迪·加德纳早上6点起床,他感觉精神饱满,这样一直持续到1964年1月8日他才再次进入梦乡,也就是说他有11天没睡觉。加德纳打破之前创下的260小时不眠记录后,他创下的264小时记录至今仍是科学验证过的最长的不睡觉时长。加利福尼亚州斯坦福大学医学院的研究人员威廉·德门特在1965年的一篇论文中讲述了这个故事,他在加德纳保持不睡的最后三天一直陪着他。

Gardner ya sami sauye-sauyen yanayi, matsalolin ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya da kulawa, rashin daidaituwa, magana mai banƙyama, da ruɗi, amma duk abin da ke al'ada ne.Bayan wadannan kwanaki 11, barcinsa na farko ya dauki awanni 14 kacal.A cewar Dement, Gardner bai sha abubuwan kara kuzari ba a wannan lokacin na ci gaba da rashin barci.Duk da haka, wani yana gefensa don ya tashe shi.Ba tare da taimakon wasu ba, dole ne ka yi ƙoƙarin kame kanka daga yin barci bayan sa'o'i 36, kuma bayan sa'o'i 48 za ka ji ba za ka iya tsayayya da sha'awar barci ba.

Duk da haka, kafin a karshe ka kwanta, mai yiwuwa ka yi barci 'yan "karamin barci": mutanen da ba su da barci za su fada cikin "karamin barci" daga lokaci zuwa lokaci-lokacin da ba ka kula ba, za ka yi barci a cikin 'yan kaɗan. Daƙiƙa A wannan lokacin kuna yawan buɗe idanunku a buɗe.Nisantar ƙaramin bacci, har yaushe Gardner zai dawwama?Ba wanda ya san wannan matsalar, amma mun san cewa rashin barci zai haifar da mutuwa a ƙarshe.Tilastawa berayen su zauna a farke har na tsawon makonni biyu, za su mutu, wanda ya gaza lokacin da ake bukata domin su mutu da yunwa.

Babu wani bayani da ya nuna cewa da gangan mutum yakan kasance a faɗake har sai ya mutu, amma wata cuta ta ƙwayoyin cuta da ake kira familial insomnia ta nuna cewa ɗan adam yana da iyakacin lokacin rashin barci.A karshe cutar ta hana majinyatan barci, wanda hakan ya sa suka mutu cikin watanni 3.

8. Nawa saurin gravitational acceleration zai iya jure wa talakawa

Lokacin da abin nadi ya nutse, za mu jure saurin nauyi 5g cikin kankanin lokaci, sannan za mu ji dimi da tashin hankali.Dole ne a tsara kujerun musamman don kada mutane su suma.Ƙarfin mu na jure wa hanzarin nauyi ya dogara ba kawai a kan canji da tsawon lokaci na hanzari ko raguwa ba, har ma a kan jagorancin jikin mu.Mun fi kula da sojojin waje da ake amfani da su a cikin jagorancin ƙafafu, saboda wannan yana haifar da jini zuwa kwakwalwa.Lokacin da jiki ya kasance a tsaye na daƙiƙa 4 zuwa 5 a cikin yanayi na 5 zuwa 10g, sau da yawa zai haifar da hangen nesa na bututu sannan kuma asarar sani.

Haɓakar nauyi na jirgin sama na jirgin sama a tsaye yana iya kaiwa 9g. Ƙarfin ƙarfin matuƙin jirgin sama don jure wannan yanayi, yana da fa'ida don yaƙin iska.Wasu matukan jirgi suna sanye da "akwatin hawan nauyi", wanda zai iya hana jini daga kafafu zuwa kai.Mutumin da ya fi ƙarfin ɗaukar nauyi ana kiransa "dodo g".Alec Stevenson, masanin ilmin halitta a Qinetiq, wani kamfanin tsaro da ke Birtaniya, ya ce: "Wasu daga cikinmu na iya zama a faɗake a cikin yanayin 6g." Wasu kuma za su mutu a cikin yanayin 3g.

Matukin jirgi na iya haɓaka juriyarsu ta yanayi don jure nauyi ta hanyar horo a cikin centrifuge Qineiq yana da irin wannan centrifuge a Farnborough, Hampshire, Ingila.Suna koyon ƙarfafa ƙafafu da tsokoki na ciki, haɓaka jini zuwa na sama, da rage hawan jini ta hanyoyin numfashi na musamman.Matsakaicin nauyi da mutane za su iya ɗauka shine 31.25g, amma don cimma wannan buri, likitan NASA Flanagan Gray ya shiga cikin wani tankin ruwa na musamman wanda ke matsa lamba a jikinsa kuma yana taimaka masa jure irin wannan babban hanzarin nauyi.Majagaba na Rundunar Sojan Sama na Amurka John Stapp ne ke da rikodi don mafi girman hanzarin nauyi a kwance.

9. Yaya tsayin mutane za su iya hawa?

Bambance-bambancen tsayi na iya haifar da ban mamaki a jikin ɗan adam, a mafi yawan lokuta, matsewar iskar oxygen a cikin sama a tsayi yana raguwa.Kwayoyin ɗan adam suna buƙatar oxygen don tsira.A mafi tsayi, haemoglobin, furotin na jini wanda ke jigilar iskar oxygen daga huhu zuwa sel, ba zai iya ɗaukar iskar oxygen yadda ya kamata ba, wanda ke haifar da hypoxia a cikin jikin mutum.Kwakwalwa tana da hankali sosai ga matakan iskar oxygen.Wannan kuma shine sanadin ciwon kai da tashin hankali a matsayin martanin farko ga ciwon tsayi.Mike Grocott na jami'ar Southampton da ke kasar Birtaniya ya ce idan mutane suka dade a tsayin sama da mita 5000, hadarin kamuwa da ciwon tsoka, huhu da kuma kwakwalwa zai karu sosai, amma ba za su iya ba. Ku tsaya a can, Haihuwa, saboda tsayin daka yana hana haihuwa na ɗan lokaci.Glocott yayi nazari akan tasirin bambance-bambancen tsayi akan ilimin lissafi.

Idan mutane suna rayuwa a cikin wannan yanayi na dogon lokaci, yawancin mutane za su iya daidaitawa a ƙarshe.Kyakkyawan gwaninta shine cewa mafi girma da kuke hawa, guntuwar zaman ku.Idan ba zato ba tsammani aka aika ka zuwa Dutsen Everest (mita 8848) kafin ka dace da sabon muhalli, za ka iya mutuwa cikin ƙasa da mintuna 2.Mutane kaɗan ne kawai suka hau Dutsen Everest ba tare da ƙarin iskar oxygen ba. A cikin 1999, Bab Chiri Sherpa ya rayu sa'o'i 21 a cikin yanayi mai ban tsoro na Dutsen Everest, ya karya tarihin duniya.Glocott ya ce watakila Chiri Sherpa an haife shi ne da ikon daidaitawa da mahalli masu tsayi.Yaya girman ɗan adam zai iya rayuwa?Wataƙila Everest ya riga ya kusa da wannan tsayi.Glocott ya ce ya zuwa yanzu mutum daya ne ya hau Dutsen Everest ba tare da na'urar iskar oxygen ba a lokacin hunturu, lokacin da yanayin yanayin ya ragu kuma akwai karancin iskar oxygen a cikin iska. "Ina tsammanin mafi girman tsayin da ɗan adam zai iya jurewa yana iya zama mita 9000."

10. Nawa nauyin dan Adam zai iya dagawa da yawa

世界硬举纪录由英国举重达人安迪·博尔顿创造。他将457.5公斤的重物从地面提到大腿部位。美国俄亥俄州扬斯敦州立大学体育教练丹·瓦瑟表示,像博尔顿这样的大力士力量可能是普通的人的5倍或者6倍,普通人将45公斤的重物举过头顶就已经很吃力了。过顶举重纪录为263.5公斤。

Menene matsakaicin nauyin da ɗan adam zai iya ɗauka?Todd Schroeder na Jami'ar Kudancin California a Los Angeles ya yi imanin cewa muna kusa da iyakar da za mu iya cimma.Ya ce: "Idan aka yi bitar bayanan daukar nauyi a baya, za ku ga cewa duk da cewa aikin ya ci gaba da inganta, amma ya fara kaiwa ga daidaito. Na'urori masu nauyi na yau, ciki har da masu shan steroid, suna gabatowa ga iyakar lafiyar jikin mutum."

Matsakaicin nauyin nauyi na ƙarshe wanda za'a iya ɗauka ya dogara da tsokoki.A gasar daukar nauyi, mafi yawan yunƙurin da ba a yi nasara ba ba zai haifar da lahani ga jiki ba, saboda mai ɗaukar nauyi ya zaɓi ya daina saboda ba zai iya ɗaukar nauyin da ake buƙata ba.Amma idan kayi ƙoƙarin ɗagawa da ƙarfi, gazawar takan haifar da yayyage zaren tsoka, yawanci zaruruwa kusa da tsoka.

Samun ikon sarrafa tsokoki yadda ya kamata yana ba masu ɗaukar nauyi dama.Jikin ɗan adam yana da tsarin hanawa na halitta wanda ke kare jiki daga lalacewa saboda yawan ɗaga nauyi.Ana samun wannan aikin ta hanyar sarrafa adadin ƙwayoyin tsoka da ke cikin ɗaukar nauyi.An horar da masu ɗaukar nauyi don sanin yadda za a murkushe waɗannan sigina, sannan don cimma babban matsayi na yuwuwar tsoka.Bugu da ƙari ga wannan iko, wani muhimmin mahimmanci don nasara shine horo.Tabbas, abubuwan da ke tattare da kwayoyin halitta suma suna taka muhimmiyar rawa.Vassar ya kasance mai ɗaukar nauyi.Ya ce: "Mutanen da ke da gajerun gaɓoɓi sun fi ƙarfin ƙarfi, wasu kuma suna da zaren tsoka fiye da sauran."

11. Yawan radiation da jikin dan adam zai iya jurewa a mafi yawa

A watan Satumba na shekara ta 1987, wasu maza biyu sun shiga wani asibitin da aka yi watsi da su a Goiânia, Brazil, kuma suka cire wani kayan aiki da suke tsammanin yana da muhimmanci sosai.A cikin yini guda, dukansu sun sha amai, sai gudawa da amai.Ba su ma san cewa wannan na'urar da aka jefar ba haƙiƙa ce tushen hasken hasken da ake amfani da ita don kula da masu fama da cutar kansa.

Wannan tushen radiation yana iya fitar da haske shuɗi a cikin duhu.Deval Ferreira, wani dillalin tarkace, ya yi sha'awar sa sosai, kuma a ƙarshe ya saya.Ferreira ya ajiye wannan tulu mai girman kofi tare da kayan foda a dakin cin abinci kuma ya gayyaci abokai da dangi su ziyarta.Suka shafa foda a jikinsu suka mayar da kansu mutane masu haske.Amma abin da ba su taɓa tunani ba shi ne cewa sihirin foda shine ainihin sinadarin cesium chloride na rediyoaktif.A cikin wata guda, matar Ferreira, ’yar autan ‘yar shekara 6 da ma’aikata biyu duk sun mutu sakamakon rashin lafiya mai tsanani.A cikin wannan hatsarin, jimillar mutane 2 ne suka kamu da wannan abu na rediyoaktif.

Nau'in kashi na radiation shine sievert, wanda aka ƙididdige shi bisa nau'in radiation da kuma ɓangaren jikin da ake haskakawa.Sakamakon lissafin ya nuna cewa duk wadanda suka mutu sun sami kashi 4.5 zuwa 6 a cikin 'yan kwanaki.Adadin hasken mu na shekara-shekara daga tushen hasken halitta kamar radon shine millisiverts 2.4 akan matsakaita.A wasu kalmomi, 4.5 zuwa 6 sievert ya riga ya zama babban kashi.

Hanyoyin radiation a kusa da sirinji 2 na iya haifar da mutuwa da wuri, kuma 6 sieverts na iya haifar da mutuwa.Abin farin ciki, duk da fallasa shi ga 7 sievert radiation, Ferreira ya tsira. A 1994, ya mutu daga barasa hanta cirrhosis.Babu wanda ya san tabbas dalilin da ya sa Ferreira ya tsira daga irin wannan babban adadin radiation.Mafi kusantar bayanin shi ne cewa ya kan yi yawancin lokacinsa tare da matarsa ​​a waje, yana ba da lokaci don ƙwayoyin jikin su gyara wasu lalacewa.

12. Har yaushe ne ’yan Adam za su iya riƙe numfashinsu?

Yana da wuya yawancin mutane su riƙe numfashinsu na fiye da minti ɗaya. A ranar 2009 ga Yuni, 6, Mi Fusu ya yi rawar gani.Lokacin buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen ya kai mintuna 8 da daƙiƙa 11, wanda ya kafa sabon tarihin duniya na ci gaba da bugun zuciya.

A lokacin ƙalubalen, ’yan takarar suna jika fuskokinsu a cikin wani tafkin ƙanƙara.Wannan ba don ya hana su yin ha'inci ba, amma don tada ƙwaƙƙwaran nutsewa na dabbobi masu shayarwa.Lokacin da aka nutsar da fuska a cikin ruwan sanyi, tasoshin jini na waje suna takure kuma jini yana gudana daga iyakar zuwa zuciya da kwakwalwa.Ta wannan hanyar, bugun zuciya zai ragu kuma ya rage damar iskar oxygen yaduwa cikin jiki.Bayan horarwa, yawan bugun zuciya na masters na apnea lokacin da aka nutsar da su cikin ruwan sanyi shine rabin na wadanda ba su nutse ba.

Hakanan yana da matukar mahimmanci a yi numfashi da ƙarfi kafin kalubalanci rikodin lokacin apnea.Wannan saboda kwakwalwa tana lura da abubuwan da ke cikin carbon dioxide da ke cikin jini kuma suna amfani da wannan don tantance lokacin da za a fara motsin numfashi.Numfasawa da sauri da zurfi na iya fitar da carbon dioxide daga jiki, ta yadda za a tsawaita lokacin riƙe numfashi gwargwadon yiwuwa kafin isa iyakar jiki.Saboda haka, samun manyan huhu shine fa'ida ta halitta.

Shin ’yan Adam sun kai iyakar apnea?John Anderson, masanin ilimin halittar jiki a Jami'ar Lund da ke Sweden, ya ba da amsa mara kyau.Masanin ilimin halittar jiki wanda ya yi nazarin illolin riƙe numfashin mahaɗan ya ce: "Ana sa ran mai nutsewa mai kyau zai tsawaita lokacin riƙe numfashi zuwa kusan mintuna 15 kafin rikodin riƙewar numfashin ya tabbata."

Amma a cikin tsarin tsawan lokaci na apnea, suna iya fuskantar haɗari.Anderson ya gano cewa huta numfashi a busasshiyar ƙasa na iya haifar da haɓakar 100% a cikin abun ciki na furotin S37B a cikin jini, wanda shine alamar lalacewar kwakwalwar hypoxic.Ya ce ko da yake wannan karuwa ya yi ƙasa da matakin da ake samu a cikin hypoxia, lalacewar da mutanen da ke ƙalubalanci numfashi na iya ci gaba da karuwa a cikin dogon lokaci.

a takaice:Iyakar 'yan Adam ba su da iyaka, bayan karanta abubuwan da ke sama, shin kun yi mamaki kuma kun ga cewa mutane sun fi ƙarfin kuma sun wuce abubuwa da yawa. Idan kana son ƙarin sani, za ka iya duba shi.


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