Menene ma'anar sirdi na yamma?

Idan ana batun wasan doki na yamma, dole ne mu yi magana game da sirdi na yamma.Sirdi na yamma yana ɗaukar ci gaban wasan doki na yamma, haka nan kuma yana haɓaka kuma yana canzawa gabaɗaya.Menene nau'ikan sirdi daban-daban?Tarihin Saddles via Petkeen.com A cikin 700 AD, lokacin da Moors suka mamaye Spain, sun yi amfani da saddles tare da dogayen motsa jiki da tayar da gaba da baya don ba da yaki.

Idan ana batun wasan doki na yamma, dole ne mu yi magana game da sirdi na yamma.Sirdi na yamma yana ɗaukar ci gaban wasan doki na yamma, haka nan kuma yana haɓaka kuma yana canzawa gabaɗaya.Menene nau'ikan sirdi daban-daban?

Tarihin sirdi

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A shekara ta 700 miladiyya lokacin da Moors suka mamaye kasar Sipaniya, sun yi amfani da sidirai masu dogayen takalmi suna daga gaba da baya don ba da kariya da tsaro ga sojojin da ke cikin yaki. An haifi War Saddle.Daga baya, Mutanen Espanya sun fara canza sirdi na gaba ɗaya zuwa sirdi masu dacewa da aikin gona da kiwo, wanda ake ɗauka a matsayin magabacin sirdin yamma na zamani.

Tsarin ciki na sirdi

Sirdi kashi by doki saƙar zuma dabarun kungiyar

kwarangwal na yammacin sirdin itacen sirdi ya ƙunshi sassa huɗu: ƙaho, cokali mai yatsu, sanduna da Cantle.

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Turi (Horn): Turi kan wani muhimmin sashi ne na sirdi na yamma, wanda yake da mahimmanci a cikin ayyukan yau da kullun na kaboyi da kuma a yawancin gasa na yammacin zamani.A lokaci guda kuma, kan tari kuma yana ɗaya daga cikin abubuwan musamman na sirdi na yammacin turai idan aka kwatanta da na turanci.

Gadar sirdi na gaba (Fork, Pommel ko Swells): Gadar sirdi ta gaba tana daidai da gindin tulin kan (ƙaho) kuma yana ɗaya daga cikin abubuwan da ke cikin bishiyar sirdi.Gadar sirdi ta gaba ta kasu kusan kashi biyu: kunkuntar (slickfork) da fadi (swellfork).

Gullet: Ramin da ke ƙarƙashin gadar sirdi na gaba don ba da damar ɗaki don bunƙasa.Hakanan yana da mahimmanci lokacin aunawa ko sirdirin ya dace da doki.Tsarin cokali mai yatsa na gaba da kusurwar sanduna sun ƙayyade nisa da tsayin ramin sirdi.

Wurin zama: Bangaren da mahayi ke zaune shi ma shi ne mafi muhimmanci na sirdi na yamma ga mahayin, ingancin sirdin yana tasiri kai tsaye matakin jin daɗin mahayin da ke kan doki.

Mai riƙe Latigo ko Mai Kula da Latigo: Fata a ƙarƙashin gadar sirdi na gaba wanda ke riƙe ƙarshen fata na gaban girth.Yawancin masana'antun sirdi suma an zana sunayensu a jikinsu.

Saddle Wings (Jockeys ko Housing): Fuka-fukan sirdi sune fata da ke rufe ɓoyayyen ɓangaren kasusuwan sirdi, waɗanda ke gefen sirdi, gaban ƙasa, da gefen baya, sama da siket.Aikin fuka-fukan sirdi ba wai kawai ya rufe ɓangaren kasusuwan sirdi ba ne kawai, har ma don hana gumin doki tuntuɓar mahayin, tare da hana ƙafafuwan mahaya yin shafa a kan ƙwanƙolin fata (fenders) da riggingdee ( rigingi).

Gadar sirdi na baya (Cantle): Gadar sirdi ta baya ita ce bangaren da aka taso na bangaren baya na sirdi, kuma yana daya daga cikin abubuwan da ke cikin kashin sirdi, yana ba da goyon baya da ta'aziyya ga mahayin.

Cheyenneroll (Cheyenneroll ko Cantle Binder): Bangaren mai suna bayan Cheyenne (babban birnin Wyoming), inda aka ƙirƙira shi, da'irar fata ce da ke fitowa daga gadar sirdi ta baya.Nadin na Cheyenne yana daya daga cikin sassan sirdi na yamma da ke da furanni kuma an yi imanin yana ba da tallafi na baya ga sirdin.

Gaban Cinch Strap (Latigo, Latigo Cinch Strap, ko Tie Strap): Bangaren fata a gefen hagu wanda ke haɗe zuwa madaurin cinch na gaba lokacin da aka ɗaure girth.Fata na gaba a gefen hagu na doki ya fi tsayi kuma ana amfani da shi don ƙara ƙuƙumi na gaba.Kashe billet na gefen dama ya fi guntu kuma yana da maɓalli don kiyaye ƙarshen ɗigon dama na gaba.

D-zobe (gaba + na baya) (Gaba / Rear Rigging Dee): Bangaren da aka haɗa fata na gaba / na baya kai tsaye shine zoben ƙarfe na D-dimbin yawa (wani lokacin zagaye).Yawanci, sirdi na Yamma zasu sami D-zobba biyu gaba da baya.

Skirt: Bangaren fata mai kauri na sirdin yamma wanda ke taɓa jikin doki kai tsaye, kuma shine mafi girman fata a taron sirdi na yamma.Ya ƙunshi fata na sama da ulu na ciki (shearling/lining).Babban aikin siket ɗin sirdi shine hana kashin sirdi daga danna kan doki kai tsaye, yin amfani da yanki mai girma don rarraba nauyin sirdi da mahayin doki, da kuma hana gumi.

Fender: Wani yanki na fata wanda ke rufe abin motsa jiki, tsakanin abin motsa jiki da ƙafar mahayi.Yana iya hana gumin doki tuntuɓar ƙafafuwan mahaya, da kuma gujewa tuntuɓar juna kai tsaye da saɓani tsakanin ƙafafuwan mahaya da kuma fata mai ruɗi.Akwai ƙarin tashin hankali tsakanin ƙwanƙolin baffles da ƙafafuwan mahaya, wanda gabaɗaya yana buƙatar amfani da fata mai kauri mai inganci saboda ƙarin lalacewa da tsagewa.

Flank Billet ko Rear Flank Strap: Fata mai nono wanda ke haɗe kai tsaye zuwa flankcinch.

Saddle Strings: Fatar da ke rataye daga sirdi.Mutane da yawa suna amfani da spikes na sirdi don ɗaure buhunan sirdi, jakunkuna, da kwalabe na ruwa, amma babban aikinsu shine riƙe fata siket ɗin siket, rufin ulu da fikafikan sirdi tare yayin yin sirdi, kuma an daidaita su gaba ɗaya ga ƙashin sirdi. (sanduna).

Hobble Strap: Ƙananan madauri da ake amfani da shi don ɗaure ƙarshen fata mai motsawa a kan fedals.

Fata mai motsa jiki: Fata a ƙarshen fedar da ke rataye akan sirdi.

Stirrup: Bangaren da ke ɗauke da ƙafar mahayi.

Flank Cinch: Bangaren da ake amfani da shi don tabbatar da sirdi a bayan doki, a mafi girman ɓangaren doki.Ana amfani da shi don hana sirdi daga karkata gaba kuma ana amfani da shi a cikin matsanancin wasannin doki na yamma (kamar tasha da tasha na gaggawa).

Gaban Girth ko Cinch: Bangaren da ake amfani da shi don tabbatar da sirdi zuwa bayan doki, wanda yake a gaban cikin dokin da kuma bayan ƙafafu na gaba.

Cinch Connecting Strap: Madaidaicin madauri mai haɗa madaurin cinch na gaba da na baya.Wannan madauri karami ne amma mai mahimmanci.A cikin sirdi biyu na yamma, ba za a taɓa yin amfani da abin ɗamara na baya ba tare da gadar ɗamara ba, saboda abin ɗaurin na baya zai iya komawa baya, yana harzuka dokin ƙarshen ciki mai tsananin damuwa, cikin sauƙin sa dokin ya mari, yana barazana ga mahayi da dawakai. suna lafiya.

Wane irin sirdi ne akwai?

Bambance-bambancen dawakin yammaci ya haifar da bambance-bambancen sirdi na yamma, bisa ga yadda ake amfani da sirdi na yamma, za a iya raba silar yamma zuwa nau’ukan daban-daban.

sirdi mai zagaye

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Kamar yadda sunan ke nunawa, cikakken sirdi wani sirdi ne na yamma wanda ya haɗu da halaye na nau'ikan sidirai masu yawa, kuma ayyukansa sun bambanta, kuma ana iya amfani da su gabaɗaya a yawancin ayyukan doki na yamma.Sidirai masu zagaye duka suna da kyau, suna ba da ƙarin ’yancin motsi ga mahayi; yawancin sidinai ana lulluɓe, tare da siket ɗin da aka ƙera don sauƙaƙa wa ƙafafuwar mahayin don sadarwa tare da doki, da kuma kafaffen kai wanda ke sauƙaƙa wa mahayin. rike.

Ganga sirdi

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Gadar sirdi na gaba yana da faɗi kuma gadar sirdi na baya ya fi tsayi kuma sirdin ya fi zurfi, don haka mahayi zai iya yin hawan da aminci.Nauyi mai nauyi, siket ɗin sirdi sau da yawa yana zagaye ko ƙarami, yana ba da damar dokin ya yi gudu ya juya da ƙarfi.Ƙaƙƙarfan kan tudu mai ɗan tsayi yana sauƙaƙa wa mahayi don riƙewa da kiyaye kwanciyar hankali yayin juyawa mai kaifi, wanda ya dace da ganga mai jujjuya.

ranch aikin sirdi

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Girma mai girma, nauyi mai nauyi, sirdi mai wuya kuma mai santsi, dacewa da doguwar tafiya, ƙaƙƙarfan kashin sirdi, babban gadar sirdi na baya da kunkuntar gadar sirdi na gaba, ba zai hana aikin yau da kullun ba.Ana maballin fata na gaban girth na hagu don sanya shi jin daɗi ga dawakai waɗanda suke sanye da sirdi duk rana.Mafi dacewa don aikin ranch, aiki akan doki mafi yawan rana.

Sirdin hawan daji / sirdi na hutu

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An tsara shi don ta'aziyyar mahayi da dacewa da doki.Sirdi yana da zurfi kuma mai ɗorewa, kuma sabanin sirdi mai juriya, an ƙera sirdin daji don jinkirin gudu akan nisa mai nisa.Sau da yawa yana zuwa tare da ƙarin zoben D da dogayen spikes don haɗa jakar sirdi ko wasu kayan aiki.Ya dace da hawan waje da hawan hutu.

Jikin Ƙarfafa

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Yana da sauƙi fiye da yawancin sirdi na yamma kuma gabaɗaya ba shi da ingarma.Sau da yawa ana sanya masu motsi a gaba kadan, yana barin mahayin ya jingina gaba daga dokin a cikin manyan gudu.Idan aka kwatanta da sirdi na hawan daji, sidirin juriya an tsara su don ayyukan hawan nisa mai nisa kuma sun dace da tseren enduro.

nuna sirdi

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Anfi amfani dashi don "nunawa".Babu takamaiman nau'in sirdi, ana iya dogara da shi akan sarƙaƙƙiya, yanke sirdi, ko wasu nau'ikan sirdi na yamma.Babban fasalin shi ne cewa akwai ƙarin ƙarin gyaran fata da kuma datsa azurfa.Yawancin lokaci sirdi yana da zurfi kuma yana da kwantar da hankali, yana barin mahayin ya zauna a hankali kuma ya sa dukan tafiya ya zama mai santsi, wanda ya dace da wasu gasa na wasan motsa jiki.

sirdi

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Ɗaya daga cikin ƙa'idodin ƙira na sirdi shine kada ya tsoma baki tare da hannun mahayi da motsin motsi, kuma kan tari yana da ƙasa.Tsarin sirdi yana ba da damar ƙarin motsi na hips na mahayi.Ƙaƙwalwar motsi tana jujjuya cikin yardar kaina, yana bawa mahayi damar yin ƙarin aikin ƙafa.Siket ɗin sirdi kuma an yi shi ne don ba da damar mahayi da doki su sami “lamba mai kyau”, ta yadda mahayin zai iya sadarwa da doki.Ya dace da mawaƙin yamma.

sirdi

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Nauyin yana da nauyi kuma yana da ƙarfi; kan tari yawanci ya fi kauri don riƙe hanjin; gadar sirdi na baya yana ƙasa kuma gadar sirdin na gaba ta fi kunkuntar don mahayin ya sauko da sauri.Ba kamar yawancin sirdi na yamma ba, kashin sirdin na bijimin gabaɗaya yana ƙasa da tsayi, zagaye kuma ya fi kauri a kai.A lokaci guda kuma, galibi ana samun matakan ƙarfafawa don fuskantar matsin lamba a lokacin tseren bijimin, wanda ya dace. don tseren bijimi.

Sidirin saniya

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Sirdi yana da kyau kuma gabaɗaya ya fi sauran sirdi na yamma, yana barin mahayi ya ƙara motsawa.Gadar sirdi na gaba yana da faɗi da faɗi, wanda ke tabbatar da cewa mahayin zai iya hawan zurfi da kwanciyar hankali a cikin tsayuwar doki da kwatsam.Fuka-fukan masu motsi da fuka-fukan sirdi yawanci fata ne mai matte don samar da ingantacciyar jan hankali ga mahayin.Kan tari yawanci sirara ne kuma babba don mahayi ya gane.Ya dace da yankan shanu.

sirdin horo / sirdin horo

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Ana amfani da kashin sirdi na nau'in sirdi; gadar sirdi na gaba yana ƙasa, kuma an yanke siket ɗin sirdi a ƙafar mahaya don ba da damar sadarwa mafi kyau tsakanin mahayi da doki; tare da D-zobe da zobe don riƙe da yawa. kayan aikin horo da Taimako, sirdin fata, ƙwanƙolin fata na fata da fuka-fukan sirdi fata ne matte don mafi kyawun riko ga mahayi.

Godiya ta musamman ga:
@Kungiyar dabarun zuma zuma
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